The biodiversity of the region faces challenges associated with addressing and reversing continued land clearing, changing land use and climate change stresses. Aboriginal people have a deep connection with the land or Country, which is central to their spiritual identity. This connection remains despite the many Aboriginal people who no longer live on their land. Aboriginal people describe the land as sustaining and comforting, fundamental to their health, their relationships and their culture and identity. This connection is inclusive of plants and fauna.
Biodiversity is a compound word derived from the term “biological diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live across our land, rivers, coast and ocean. It includes the diversity of their genetic information, the habitats and ecosystems within which they live, and their connections with other life forms and the natural world.
Protecting Victoria’s Environment – Biodiversity 2037 is Victoria’s 20-year plan for the future of Victoria’s biodiversity. The Biodiversity 2037 Implementation Cycle reflects the key implementation stages within and across this 20-year timeframe. These are:
- The strategy itself (Biodiversity 2037) and its review after 20 years.
- The enabling environment and planning process, including work that the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning does to provide tools and systems, regulations and standards; access to land; collaborative planning and so on.
- Everyone undertaking actions that contribute to the targets of Biodiversity 2037 – this includes all the contributions of individuals, community groups, Traditional Owners, non-government organisations and government agencies.
- Monitoring, evaluating, reporting and improving how we do things. This embeds continuous improvement into planning and action.
DELWP’s Biodiversity Response Planning describes the collective cross-tenure biodiversity vision for an area of land or waters, and the five-yearly pledges (i.e. contributors’ statements of intent) towards the statewide targets.
DELWP’s BRP Fact Sheets provide information for many (but not all) landscapes across Victoria, containing general information on the key values and threats in each area. The fact sheets also include Strategic Management Prospects (SMP) which models biodiversity values such as species habitat distribution, landscape-scale threats and highlights the most cost-effectiveness action for specific locations.
For more information on threatened ecological communities and threatened species under the EPBC Act, see Relevant Biodiversity Documents below.
Under the Biodiversity Theme in the Corangamite Regional Catchment Strategy are two Sub-themes:
A healthy natural environment provides vital life-sustaining services for humans, and underpins many of the productive activities that generate value for the Corangamite community. The region’s diverse and unique mix of plants, animals, soils, seas and waterways function together as ecosystems, which in turn meet some of humans’ most basic needs – provisions such as clean air and water, productive soils, natural pest control, pollination, flood mitigation and carbon sequestration. Ecosystems also provide us with food, raw materials for production (such as timber, pastures and fertilisers), genetic resources and pharmaceuticals, while contributing to waste decomposition and detoxification. The term ‘natural capital’ is often used to describe the resources provided by nature – minerals, soil, water, ecosystem services, and all living things from which we derive material or financial value. Biodiverse ecosystems are the core component of natural capital.
20 Year Outcomes
By 2042, 90% of the region’s ecosystems are biodiverse and resilient to the challenges of climate and land use change.
By 2042, a regional net improvement across all native species – with a priority on threatened species and ecological communities – is achieved (as measured by Change in Suitable Habitat).
By 2042, a regional net gain of the overall extent and condition of habitats across terrestrial, waterway and marine environments is achieved.
6 Year Outcomes
By 2027, there is a 10% increase in the regional community valuing biodiverse landscapes, planning for climate change adaptation and actively contributing to their protection, enhancement, and restoration.
By 2027, 90% of biodiversity planning, decision making, monitoring and data access is based on state-wide biodiversity decision tools and complemented by local specific information.
By 2027, there is an overall net gain of habitat for all flora and fauna species within the region.
By 2027, threats to biodiversity from pest species are recognised and appropriately controlled in priority locations across all land tenures.
By 2027 120,000 hectares in priority locations are under sustained herbivore control.
By 2027 20,000 hectares in priority locations are under sustained predator control
By 2027 20,000 hectares in priority locations are under sustained weed control
By 2027 4,500 hectares of revegetation in priority locations for habitat connectivity is established
By 2027, 4,500 hectares of new permanently protected area on private land is established
Regional Priority Directions
The following priority directions have been developed to deliver the 6 year outcomes identified for the Biodiversity Theme. They were developed through community consultation across the the nine Landscape Systems and will provide the basis for localised action. Landscape specific priority directions can be found here.
|B1||Develop and implement a monitoring and evaluation framework that enables timely adaptive management and decision making. The framework will allow for:|
1) accessible monitoring frameworks and repository of the region’s NRM resource data
2) develop measures and assessments to determine the community’s awareness of the natural values, their connection to these and their willingness to protect, enhance, and restore these
3) reporting to the community on implementation progress.
|B2||Develop regional baselines and indicators to allow for the effective measurement of the community’s awareness of the value of biodiverse landscapes, their connection to these landscapes and their willingness to protect, enhance and restore them in the context of adaptation to climate change.||CCMA||DELWP|
|B3||Use the Landscape System-based Implementation Planning process to identify high priority actions for each area.||CCMA||DELWP|
|B4||Use the Landscape System-based Implementation Planning process to outline the contribution to the targets set out in Biodiversity 2037.||CCMA||DELWP|
|B5||Target an increase of 25% in non-government investment into Biodiversity||CCMA||CPA Partners|
|B6||Adopt and as needed develop regionally accredited decision-making and support tools for biodiversity planning and management for use by all agencies.||CCMA||DELWP|
|B7||Develop a regional biodiversity monitoring framework to enable understanding of condition and trends.||CCMA||DELWP|
|B8||Develop a repository of the region’s biodiversity data that is accessible for evidence-based decision making.||CCMA||DELWP, Local Govt, PV|
|B9||Adopt an accredited natural capital based decision-making process for the region’s government organisations and public land managers.||CCMA||DELWP|
|B10||Develop partnership agreements that enable best management practices and standards for managing the region’s natural habitats and the flora and fauna that they support.||CCMA||DELWP, Local Govt|
|B11||Develop baseline indicators for focal species that enable the effective measurement of overall net gain of habitat extent, connectivity and quality by 2027.||CCMA||DELWP|
|B12||Within the region, develop actions to deliver an overall net gain of ‘Suitable Habitat’ for focal species by 2027.||CCMA||DELWP|
|B13||Develop baseline data for indicator species that enable the effective measurement of overall net gain of habitat extent, connectivity and quality by 2027||CCMA||DELWP|
|B14||Within the region, develop actions to deliver an overall net gain of ‘Suitable Habitat’ for indicator species by 2027||CCMA||DELWP|
|B15||Develop an incentives toolkit for landholders that enables an additional 4,500 hectares of high priority EVCs within the region to be within a Comprehensive Adequate and Representative (CAR) system.||CCMA||TfN, DELWP|
|B16||Introduce collaborative biodiversity planning for landholders that enables an additional 4,500 hectares of biodiverse revegetation in priority locations within the region for habitat connectivity.||DELWP||CCMA|
|B17||Collaborate with Traditional Owners to develop methods based on traditional knowledge that enable improved and sustained management of problem herbivores in priority locations.||CCMA||DELWP, EMAC, WTOAC|
|B18||Implement an additional 20,000 hectares of sustained predator control (not year by year cumulative total) in priority locations as defined by Biodiversity Response Plans and other regional plans.||DELWP||CCMA, PV|
|B19||Implement an additional 20,000 hectares of sustained weed control (not year by year cumulative total) in priority locations within the region as defined by Biodiversity Response Plans and other regional plans.||DELWP||CCMA, PV|
|B20||Implement an additional 120,000 hectares of sustained herbivore control (not year by year cumulative) in priority locations within the region as defined by Biodiversity Response Plans and other regional plans.||DELWP||CCMA , PV|
Relevant Biodiversity Information Sources
The following documents have been referred to in developing the Biodiversity theme: